Emissions from Industry
There are two key areas of greenhouse gas emissions in the industry sector:
1. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from energy use in industry;
2. Greenhouse gas emissions from industrial processes.
In 2000, industry accounted for approximately 15.4% of direct CO2 emissions from fuel combustion and a similar amount from industry use of electricity.
The amount of CO2 emissions from use of fuels have increased between 1990 and 2000 in the OECD Pacific region, decreased in part in North America and Europe, and decreased drastically in countries with transitioning economies.
Electricity use in industry, on the other hand, has grown in all OECD regions and EIT countries.
Industrial “process emissions” are emissions generated during the production process that are not energy-related. Process emissions generally account for between 3-8% of total emissions. Unlike energy-related emissions, process-related emissions decreased by 21% from 1990. Process emissions have declined in several countries, including Japan, most EC countries and in the EU.
The most rapid emission trends in industrial emissions over the 1990s may be due to technology development. Additionally, many countries have initiated policies that aim to limit or lessen emissions from the industrial sector.
These policies have seen both success and failure depending upon the various countries and industries.